Birds Guide

Snipe

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

Back | Home | Up | Next


Snipes
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
 
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Aves
 
Order: Charadriiformes
 
Family: Scolopacidae
 
Genera
Coenocorypha
Gallinago
Lymnocryptes

A Snipe is any of 18 very similar wading bird species characterised by a very long slender bill and cryptic plumage.

They search for invertebrates in the mud with a "sewing-machine" action of their long bills.

Most have distinctive displays, usually given at dawn or dusk.

There are two southern snipe species in the genus Coenocorypha, 15 typical snipes in the genus Gallinago and the very small Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus.

Some snipe species have been hunted for food and sport since the invention of the shotgun. They can be extremely difficult targets, confounding even very skilled hunters with their erratic flight, their unexpected flushes, their excellent natural camouflage and the treacherous and difficult terrain they typically inhabit.

The elusive nature of the snipe is well-known among hunters. In the days of market hunting, the most skilled hunters of all would often bring many Common Snipe to market earning the moniker "sniper" as a badge of respect for the difficulty in shooting this amazing little bird. The term has evolved into the modern usage sniper, referring to a skilled antipersonnel sharpshooter. In addition, the often-unsuccessful nature of a snipe hunt lead to the practical joke of the same name.

Species are:

  • Chatham Snipe, Coenocorypha pusilla
    Subantarctic Snipe, Coenocorypha aucklandica
    Campbell Island Snipe, Coenocorypha sp.
    Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus
    Solitary Snipe, Gallinago solitaria
    Latham's Snipe, Gallinago hardwickii
    Wood Snipe, Gallinago nemoricola
    Pintail Snipe, Gallinago stenura
    Swinhoe's Snipe, Gallinago megala
    African Snipe, Gallinago nigripennis
    Madagascar Snipe, Gallinago macrodactyla
    Great Snipe, Gallinago media
    Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago
                 The American race, G. g. delicata is sometimes considered a separate species, Wilson's Snipe.
    South American Snipe, Gallinago paraguaiae
    Noble Snipe, Gallinago nobilis
    Giant Snipe, Gallinago undulata
    Fuegian Snipe, Gallinago stricklandii
    Andean Snipe, Gallinago jamesoni
    Imperial Snipe, Gallinago imperialis

External links


Home | Up | Albatross | American Robin | Andean Condor | Blue Jay | Bluebird | Caladrius | Canada Goose | Canary | Cardinal | Cassowary | Cockatoo | Condor | Cormorant | Crow | Domesticated turkey | Double-headed eagle | Dove | Duck | Eagle | Emu | Falcon | Goose | Gull | Hawk | Heron | Hornbill | Hummingbird | Ibis | Kingfisher | Kiwi | Kookaburra | Macaw | Martlet | Osprey | Ostrich | Owl | Partridge | Peafowl | Pelican | Pheasant | Puffin | Quail | Raven | Rooster | Secretary Bird | Snipe | Spotted Eagle Owl | Stork | Swallow | Swan | Toucan | Vulture | True parrots | Woodcreeper

Birds Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.