Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
They search for invertebrates in the mud with a "sewing-machine" action of their long bills.
Most have distinctive displays, usually given at dawn or dusk.
There are two southern snipe species in the genus Coenocorypha, 15 typical snipes in the genus Gallinago and the very small Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus.
Some snipe species have been hunted for food and sport since the invention of the shotgun. They can be extremely difficult targets, confounding even very skilled hunters with their erratic flight, their unexpected flushes, their excellent natural camouflage and the treacherous and difficult terrain they typically inhabit.
The elusive nature of the snipe is well-known among hunters. In the days of market hunting, the most skilled hunters of all would often bring many Common Snipe to market earning the moniker "sniper" as a badge of respect for the difficulty in shooting this amazing little bird. The term has evolved into the modern usage sniper, referring to a skilled antipersonnel sharpshooter. In addition, the often-unsuccessful nature of a snipe hunt lead to the practical joke of the same name.
- Chatham Snipe, Coenocorypha pusilla
Subantarctic Snipe, Coenocorypha aucklandica
Campbell Island Snipe, Coenocorypha sp.
Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus
Solitary Snipe, Gallinago solitaria
Latham's Snipe, Gallinago hardwickii
Wood Snipe, Gallinago nemoricola
Pintail Snipe, Gallinago stenura
Swinhoe's Snipe, Gallinago megala
African Snipe, Gallinago nigripennis
Madagascar Snipe, Gallinago macrodactyla
Great Snipe, Gallinago media
Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago
The American race, G. g. delicata is sometimes considered a separate species, Wilson's Snipe.
South American Snipe, Gallinago paraguaiae
Noble Snipe, Gallinago nobilis
Giant Snipe, Gallinago undulata
Fuegian Snipe, Gallinago stricklandii
Andean Snipe, Gallinago jamesoni
Imperial Snipe, Gallinago imperialis
- Snipe videos on the Internet Bird Collection